|Motiejus Jakštys 6c24b7f833|
Converts a Docker image (a bunch of layers) to a flattened "rootfs" tarball.
Docker images became a popular way to distribute applications with their dependencies. However, Docker itself is not the best runtime environment. At least not for everyone.
Undocker bridges the gap between application images (in docker image format) and container runtimes: now you can run a Docker image with old-fashioned tools: lxc, systemd-nspawn or systemd itself.
Usage -- extract docker image
nginx docker image from docker hub and convert it to a rootfs:
skopeo copy docker://docker.io/busybox:latest docker-archive:busybox.tar undocker busybox.tar - | tar -xv
Almost the same can be done with a combination of
docker pull and
Usage -- systemd-nspawn example
Start with systemd-nspawn:
systemd-nspawn -D $PWD busybox httpd -vfp 8080
Usage -- plain old systemd
systemd-run \ --wait --pty --collect --service-type=exec \ -p PrivateUsers=true \ -p DynamicUser=yes \ -p ProtectProc=invisible \ -p RootDirectory=$PWD \ -- busybox httpd -vfp 8080
Good things like
ProtectProc and other
systemd protections are available, just like to any systemd unit.
Notes & gotchas
unocker does not magically enable you to run containers from the internet.
Many will need significant tuning or not work at all. Thus you will still need
to understand what are you running.
I want this project to be useful for others, but not become a burden for me. If undocker fails for you (for example, you found a container that undocker cannot extract, or extracts incorrectly), you are on the hook to triage and fix it.
Therefore, the following contributions are welcome:
- Pull rquests (diffs) with accompanying tests.
Issues without accompanying patches will most likely be rejected, with one exception: reports about regressions do not have to contain patches, but a failing commit is mandatory, and a failing test case is highly appreciated.